Symbols and abbreviations

To understand with a glance.

SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS
unused with original gum without hinge
unused with original gum with hinge (whenever the hinge is heavy it is stated)
SGunused without gum (Senza Gomma)
cancelled
fragment of letter or newspaper
letter, envelope, postcard, or document, also with dust-jacket, but complete with stamps in use during the period (transit and/or arrival)
newspaper
various documents
ADFsheet corner (Angolo Di Foglio)
BDFsheet margin (Bordo Di Foglio)
BFminiature sheet (Blocco Foglietto)
T.S.special postmark (Timbro Speciale)
es.specimen (esemplare)
Exlot gathering more items
(date)uncertain data

QUALITY
mixedboth perfect and defective specimens
currentflawless specimens
goodfrom good to very good specimens
excellentfrom excellent to splendid specimens
POSTCARDS ONLY
unused, not travelled
travelled with stamp
written and travelled in an envelope
O/Vhorizontal/vertical
FGlarge format (Formato Grande) (approx. 10 x 15 cm) (if not indicated it means small format)
BNblack and white (Bianco e Nero)
Cin colour
Mmonochrome
FTphotographic
dis./ill.designer/illustrator
ed./Graf.Publisher/printer/graphic designer
CPIItalian postcard (Cartolina Postale Italiana)
FMmilitary post-free (Franchigia Militare)
PMarmy postal service forwarding office (Posta Militare)

BOOKS, MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS ONLY
pp.pages
ill.illustrated
ill. b/nillustrated in black and white (b/n: bianco e nero)
ill. in colourillustrated in colour
tavv.tables
f.t.out of text (fuori testo)
br.softbound (brossura)
ril.hardbound (rilegato, in cardboard, leather or leatherette with gold inscription, with rings)
ed.edition
rist.reprint (ristampa)

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a multitude of
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